Experts Share Insights On The Risk Factors Associated With Breast Cancer – News18

Doctors believe that changing lifestyles have become a more common factor in breast cancer cases. (Image: Shutterstock)

Regular self-exams, mammograms, and genetic counselling are important for the early detection and prevention of breast cancer.

Breast cancer is a complex and multifaceted disease that is still not fully understood. Extensive research has identified several risk factors that are associated with an increased likelihood of developing breast cancer. While these risk factors have been identified, it is important to note that not all individuals with these risk factors will develop breast cancer, and some individuals without these risk factors may still develop the disease. Therefore, regular screening and early detection remain crucial in the fight against breast cancer.

But what are some of the risk factors that are associated with breast cancer, here is trying to understand them.

Dr. Sandip Bipte, Consultant, Breast Surgeon, P D Hinduja Hospital, Khar, says, “Breast cancer is more common in females due to several risk factors. While it’s rare in males, accounting for only 1% of cases, there are common factors contributing to its prevalence. Genetic factors, for instance, play a significant role in about 10 to 15% of cases. Families with a history of breast cancer involving more than two members face a high probability, around 75-80%, due to the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes.”

He further added, “Furthermore, smoking and alcohol consumption also contribute to the incidence of breast cancer. The excessive use of oral contraceptives carries a slight risk of breast cancer, especially concerning women who frequently manipulate their hormones for infertility or hormone replacement therapy. While the risk is low, it remains a concern.”

Age too plays a big role when it comes to the detection of breast cancer and not just age but some other factors play in along with it too. Dr. Surender Kumar Dabas, Vice Chairman, Oncology, BLK- Max Super Speciality Hospital, says, “Breast cancer becomes more prevalent as individuals age, with a majority of cases occurring in women who are 50 years or older.”

Dr. Dabas went on to add, “Having the first child at an older age or not having children at all can increase the risk of breast cancer. Along with that prolonged exposure to estrogen and progesterone, either through hormone replacement therapy, early onset of menstruation, late menopause, or not having children, can increase breast cancer risk.”

It must be noted that a strong family history of breast cancer, especially among close relatives, can increase an individual’s risk. Plus doctors always point out that individuals who have previously experienced breast cancer in one breast face have an elevated risk of developing cancer in the other breast.

Source link

Leave a Comment